Alutiiq |Dog = Alaskan Malamute |Bird = Willow ptarmigan |Fish = King salmon |Flower = Forget-me-not |Insect = Four-spot skimmer dragonfly |Tree = Sitka Spruce |Fossil = Woolly Mammoth |Mineral = Gold |Gemstone = Jade |Other = Dog mushing (state sport) |Route Marker = Alaska 2 shield.svg |Quarter = 2008 AK Proof.png |QuarterReleaseDate = 2008 }} |zoom=2|type=line|stroke-width=3|text=Interactive map showing border of Alaska (click to zoom)}}

Alaska (; ; ; ; Yup'ik: ''Alaskaq''; ) is a U.S. state at the northwest extremity of North America. A semi-exclave of the U.S., it borders the Canadian province of British Columbia and the territory of Yukon to the east and has a maritime border with Russia's Chukotka Autonomous Okrug to the west, just across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas of the Arctic Ocean, while the Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest.

Alaska is by far the largest U.S. state by area, comprising more total area than the next three largest states (Texas, California, and Montana) combined. It represents the seventh largest subnational division in the world. It is the third-least populous and the most sparsely populated state, but by far the continent's most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel, with a population of 736,081 as of 2020—more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. The state capital of Juneau is the second-largest city in the United States by area, comprising more territory than the states of Rhode Island and Delaware. The former capital of Alaska, Sitka, is the largest U.S. city by area.

Alaska was occupied by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. The state is considered the entry point for the settlement of North America by way of the Bering land bridge. The Russians were the first Europeans to settle the area beginning in the 18th century, eventually establishing Russian America, which spanned most of the current state. The expense and difficulty of maintaining this distant possession prompted its sale to the U.S. in 1867 for US$7.2 million (equivalent to $ million in ), or approximately two cents per acre ($4.74/km2). The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912. It was admitted as the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959.

While it has one of the smallest state economies in the country, Alaska's per capita income is among the highest, owing to a diversified economy dominated by fishing, natural gas, and oil, all of which it has in abundance. United States armed forces bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy; more than half the state is federally owned public land, including a multitude of national forests, national parks, and wildlife refuges.

The indigenous population of Alaska is proportionally the highest of any U.S. state, at over 15 percent. Close to two dozen native languages are spoken, and Alaskan Natives exercise considerable influence in local and state politics. Provided by Wikipedia
Published 2007
...Alaska. Legislature...

Report Number(s): HB 177 SCS CSHB 177 (FIN)

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Published 2003
...Alaska. Legislature...

Report Number(s): CSHB 16(FIN) am HB 16 SLA 2003, chapter 4

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by Barker, Milt
Published March 1982
...Alaska. Legislature. Legislative Finance Division...
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Published April 20, 2014
...Alaska. Legislature. Senate...

Report Number(s): SB0138g HCS CSSB 138(FIN) am H 28-GS2806\E.A.

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by Morones, Mark
Published 2011
...Alaska Department of Revenue...

Report Number(s): Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Docket No. PF 09-11-000

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...Alaska Department of Revenue...
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Published July 2008
...Bureau of Land Management. Alaska State Office (BLM-Alaska)...
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Published June 21, 1988
...Bureau of Land Management. Alaska State Office (BLM-Alaska)...
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Published October 1, 2014
...Alaska LNG Project...

Report Number(s): Docket no. PF14-21-000 USAKE-PT-SRREG-00-0010

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Published 1975?
...Alaska Biological Consultants...

Report Number(s): Docket Nos. CP75-96, et al. Exhibit EP- (RAF/DLW-1)

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